Carnival is a traditional festival in Europe. Carnival, formerly known as carnival in Europe and America, originated in ancient Egypt and later became the celebration of the God of agriculture festival in ancient Rome.
Carnival is the Chinese transliteration of the English word carnival. This beautiful Chinese name comes from a story in the Bible: one trapped Jesus in the wilderness and did not give him food for 40 days. Although he was hungry, he did not accept the temptation. Later, in order to commemorate Jesus' fasting in the wilderness during these 40 days, believers took the 40 days before Easter as the day of fasting and repentance. In these 40 days, people could not eat meat, have entertainment, and live a solemn and dreary life. Therefore, in the week or half before the beginning of the fasting period, people would hold banquets, dances, parades, and indulge in joy. The meaning of Carnival at the beginning was It's "farewell to meat.". Nowadays, there are not many people who stick to the rules and regulations such as lent, but the traditional carnival activities have been retained and become an important festival for people.
Carnival is a free translation of Carnival by Hong Kong people. Moreover, Carnival has been localized in Hong Kong culture, forming "Carnival".
Carnival is the first translation of English Carnival. The pronunciation of carnival is difficult to express properly in Chinese, so the free translation of carnival is used, which is intuitive and easy to understand. Later, the carnival spread to Hong Kong and Hong Kong people translated it into "Carnival". This translation is a masterpiece of intellectuals who know both foreign language and Chinese language. It has a good pun that considers both sound and meaning. Unfortunately, it can not exactly express the carnival meaning of carnival. "Carnival" sounds and looks elegant and does not match Carnival's warm and unrestrained atmosphere. As a matter of fact, carnival, which has been held in Hong Kong for a long time, has become more elegant and gentle. It is quite different from Carnival of Brazilian Carnival.
The origin of Carnival
"Carnival" transliterated from "Carnival", is a kind of folk Carnival originated in Europe, which can be traced back to Venice in 1294. Over the years, "Carnival" has gradually changed from a traditional festival to today's public entertainment event, including large-scale amusement facilities, supplemented by various forms of cultural and artistic activities. There are various carnivals all over the world, and become the symbol of many cities.
In fact, Chinese media often refer to carnivals around the world, such as Brazil's Sao Paulo carnival, Venice Carnival and Jamaica carnival